Patanjali Yoga Sutra 2.14 (Parisamvad)

Patanjali Yoga Sutra Transcribed from Parisamvad at The Yoga Institute.

Chapter 2, Sutra 14

Patanjali Yoga Sutra 2.14


Te: they
Hlada: pleasant, delight
Paritapa: pain, agony, anguish
Phalah: fruits
Punya: virtuous
Apunya: non-virtuous
Hetutvat: having as their cause (the punya or apunya)

They Have Pleasure Or Pain As Their Fruit, By Reason Of Virtue And Vice

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Dr. Jayadeva Yogendra:

“The emphasis is on good and bad actions. You see, if we have done good acts then there is happiness. Unfortunately, we mention about the bad happenings during the day. We don’t recognize the bad actions that we are doing. This is what the verse is trying to tell us.”

Smt. Hansaji J. Yogendra:

“Recently we have been doing the sutras which talk about the actions done under the influence of Kleshas, because of ignorance, or ego, attachment, hatred, selfishness or fears. So if these Kleshas are the base of any of our actions, then these actions are labelled as bad actions and they are going to give you pain. But if we do good actions with proper knowledge, level-headedness, no attachment but understanding our duty with care, compassion and full faith, then these actions would give us happiness.

Then the next sutra talks about the three things we are born with – Jaati, Ayu and Bhoga. We have to suffer out our past actions. So if we have done good actions, we will have happiness in our life and if bad then we will have problems in our life. So this sutra tells us that whatever problems we have in our life are all the result of our good and bad actions in our past. This is how we have to think.

Now we can’t change our past. We have to suffer it out, so do so happily. Take it as God’s wish and accept it. But it is not that we only have to suffer for the good and bad actions in our life. In our life we also have to do Karmas. It is not just a Bhoga. So when doing actions, be careful. Do only good actions, not bad. So think before doing any action. What is in our hands is our present Karma. So then things would be really easily manageable – the suffering we are going through and the future we will be facing something good.

There is one more superior type of action which is not influenced by Kleshas or desire. You are doing it as a duty. That action will not bind you as good or bad. Then you will be free from birth and death. That is the best action. But before reaching that state, we have to first become aware of our actions and see to it that whatever action is being done is done well.”


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About Parisamvad

On every Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, The Yoga Institute, Santacruz holds Parisamvad sessions – Free interactive sessions that are open to all. These session begin at 7:20 am and end around 7:45 am.

The Friday Parisamvad is dedicated to explanation of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali by our esteemed Gurus, Dr. Jayadeva and Smt. Hansaji.

All are welcome to attend.

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