Patanjali Yoga Sutra 2.25 (Parisamvad)

Patanjali Yoga Sutra Transcribed from Parisamvad at The Yoga Institute.

Chapter 2, Sutra 25


Tad Abhavat Samyogabhavah Hanam Taddrseh Kaivalyam

Tad: its
Abvhavat: lack or absence
Samyoga: union
Abhavah: absence, dissolution
Hanam: removal, cessation
Tat: that
Drseh: of the knower
Kaivalyam: liberation, enlightenment

If It (Ignorance) Has Disappeared, There Is Absence Of Conjunction – The Thing To Be Avoided, This Is Liberation For The Seer

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Dr. Jayadeva Yogendra:

“We are using this word ‘Prakriti’, which means – ‘the creator’- matter. The matter out of which this whole universe is made. And spirit- consciousness, which has nothing to do with all this; just awareness. These are important terms which if you are learning ‘Samkhya’, you have to understand- matter and spirit. Matter is the external world. Spirit is the awareness. When the two are mixed, that is where the problem is. We are unable to understand matter as separate from spirit. So the entire exercise in Yoga is to separate the two, till a stage is reached where spirit is by itself. So this is the way the whole thing goes- learning to separate the spirit from matter.”

Smt. Hansaji J Yogendra:

“Today’s sutra is the extension of the last sutra, which says as long as matter and spirit, both are mixed with each other and both’s separate identity is not understood because of ignorance, the entire world’s suffering, pain, birth, rebirth, etc. starts. But the moment awareness comes, things are different.

As long as Prakriti is showing all its colours and the Purusha is getting involved, things are fine (going on). But the moment Purusha slowly realizes his own Self and gets established in his own Self, then for him, matter has no meaning. He is separated from matter and that state is called Kaivalya state. So this is what today’s sutra is.

Now this can come only because of knowledge. I am not matter, I am consciousness. That awareness has to come in us, that all the problems, suffering and pain are in matter, Prakriti, because that is continuously changeful. I’m not this body and mind, they are matter. So I am different from all these. So this awareness has to come in us, whenever we suffer in life. It’s not the theory, it’s experiencing consciousness, then things are different. Then you can see the body objectively. I have a pain in my leg, but why should I suffer? Why should I feel unhappy? The leg is paining, I’ll attend to the leg and not worry about it. If I have two sons, both have different natures and I am trying to deal with them equally, that would be wrong. They are different. So when you start dealing with them individually, separately, then their growth takes place, otherwise everyone is confused in the house. I’m just giving you a gross example, that in this way, if Prakriti and Purusha are mixed, and we deal with them together, Purusha is also affected by it. So Avidhya has to go, knowledge has to come.”

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About Parisamvad

On every Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, The Yoga Institute, Santacruz holds Parisamvad sessions – Free interactive sessions that are open to all. These session begin at 7:20 am and end around 7:45 am.

The Friday Parisamvad is dedicated to explanation of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali by our esteemed Gurus, Dr. Jayadeva and Smt. Hansaji.

All are welcome to attend.

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