Patanjali Yoga Sutra 2.3 (Parisamvad)

Patanjali Yoga Sutra Transcribed from Parisamvad at The Yoga Institute.

Chapter 2, Sutra 3

Patanjali Yoga Sutra 2.3


Avidya: ignorance
Asmita: I-ness, ego sense
Raga: attachment
Dvesa: aversion
Abhinivesah: fear of death, clinging to life
Klesah: painful, afflicted

The Afflictions Are Ignorance, Egoism, Attachment, Aversion And Love Of Life

Listen to the audio:

Check this out on Chirbit

Dr. Jayadeva Yogendra:

“Kleshas cause pain and they are right form the start of life. We are born with Kleshas. And the only way to overcome them is through right knowledge.”

Smt. Hansaji J. Yogendra:

“One point is clear that everybody has Kleshas. And the main Klesha is Avidhya – ignorance. We don’t have right knowledge. Because of ignorance, the second one comes, i.e. ego – Asmita. Only an ignorant person would be egoistic. And Kleshas are those which will bring us back to all the pain and suffering and diseases in life. No one wants pain and all the research all over the world is done so that we are pain-free and we lead a happy, peaceful, healthy life.

An ignorant person only can be egoistic, because otherwise there is no scope for ego in life. There is hardly anything in our hands. Situations are happening and we have to handle it. We get strength and nutrition from Nature. So what are we egoistic about? So ego is the outcome of Avidya. The third one is Raga- attachment which is an outcome of ego. An egoistic person would behave such – me and mine, I am attached to this, I hate this, I love this…Dvesha is again the same thing. Naturally when you get attached to something, you hate something else. So finally Abhinivesha – love of your own life, fear of death and all other fears come.

Every human has all these five Kleshas. That’s what is mentioned here. The point is, the entire spiritual path talks of removing the Kleshas. Till then one cannot reach the highest. Even a little Klesha can bring you back to square one. All the efforts will go away if we don’t work on Kleshas. You may do any amount of Asanas, Pranayamas or meditation, but these Kleshas are going to bring you down. Kleshas are impurities in our personality and so we have to remove impurity, then only can we acquire knowledge.”

Read more on the Yoga Sutras in:

To order this book, write to

About Parisamvad

On every Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, The Yoga Institute, Santacruz holds Parisamvad sessions – Free interactive sessions that are open to all. These session begin at 7:20 am and end around 7:45 am.

The Friday Parisamvad is dedicated to explanation of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali by our esteemed Gurus, Dr. Jayadeva and Smt. Hansaji.

All are welcome to attend.

I agree to have my personal information transfered to MailChimp ( more information )
Subscribe to our newsletter to stay inspired and connected to The Yoga Institute that focuses on the body-mind-soul connection and its importance in leading with daily life. Every issue promotes finding your life in balance with the Yogic Techniques of Asana, Pranayama, Meditation, Recipes, and holistic ways to enhance your life.
We hate spam. Your email address will not be sold or shared with anyone else.
No Comments

Post A Comment