Patanjali Yoga Sutra 1.31 (Parisamvad)

Patanjali Yoga Sutra Transcribed from Parisamvad at The Yoga Institute.

Chapter 1, Sutra 31


Dukha Daurmanasya Angamejayatva Svasapravasah Viksepa Sahabhuvah

Dukha : pain (physical or mental)
Daurmanasya: sadness , frustration , depression
Angamejayatva : unsteadiness , movement , tremor of the limbs or body
Svasa : inhalation , inspiration (implying irregular inhalation )
Prasvasah : exhalation , expiration ( implying irregular exhalation )
Viksepa : distractions
Sahabhuvah : companions

Sorrow , Dejection. Restlessness Of Body , Inhalation And Exhalation Arise From (Previous) Distractions

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Dr. Jayadeva Yogendra:

“See, we have this sutra which is talking about the difficulties. Pain, despair, trembling, fast inhalation, exhalation they all accompany distractions. Physically also the person is unable to proceed. Apparently they are appear physical but the internal disturbances are more important. When a person is internally peaceful then this trembling and all that doesn’t happen. At the learning stage we are unable to handle them. We only concentrate on the physical symptoms. If mind is peaceful then many of these conditions would not occur. Nowadays they use the word psychosomatic – happening at the mental level and appearing at the physical level. So these are obstacles. One has to work hard on one’s nature, personality, temperament. With these difficulties studying yoga is very hard. One can get easily distracted, . Some part of the body gives trouble. That is our condition. We are busy with these small irritants. We generally get perturbed and disturbed. Our entire approach is faulty. Maintaining the poise and the strong urge to carry on will help. The solution when get frustrated or are in a bad mood is to maintain that poise, confidence and perseverance. Breaking down is no solution. We easily get deterred and leave the thing. On the contrary carrying on, persevering could be the answer.”

Smt. Hansaji J. Yogendra:

“Today’s sutra gives another list of obstacles that come on the path of yoga and on the path of our spiritual development. If a situation is taken as a problem, we become sad, unhappy, disturbed. One has to become wise and not take pain as pain. Different types of pain 1) Adidaivik – cold, heat, earthquake, flood etc. – natural calamities. 2) Adibhautik – mosquito biting, malaria, dengue, various infections. 3) Adhyatmik – we create pain because of our wrong attitude, lack of understanding, lack of awareness. This pain can be avoided. Pain can be at mental level – depression – no interest in life. Shakiness of body – while doing Asanas don’t allow body to shake. The disease disturbs the breath also. If the inhalation, exhalation is poor it can be an obstacle. All these obstacles have to be removed otherwise there can be no progress.”


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About Parisamvad

On every Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, The Yoga Institute, Santacruz holds Parisamvad sessions – Free interactive sessions that are open to all. These session begin at 7:20 am and end around 7:45 am.

The Friday Parisamvad is dedicated to explanation of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali by our esteemed Gurus, Dr. Jayadeva and Smt. Hansaji.

All are welcome to attend.

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